The 29th NISPAcee Annual Conference

The 30th NISPAcee Annual Conference, Bucharest, Romania, June 2 - June 4, 2022

Excellent conference. I really enjoyed the papers, speakers, schedule and location and great staff!

D.B., United States, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...relating to public administration and policy. Good opportunities for networking.

N.D., Georgia, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

Excellent participants, argument-driven discussions, impartial and supportive Chairs in the Working Group.

D.G., Republic of North Macedonia, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...to detail and I really enjoyed the supportive and encouraging atmosphere there. Thank you!

R.B., Lithuania, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...both in terms of academic quality and logistics, and also social events. It was a true joy.

E.Z., Bulgaria, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...The special programmes were really excellent and we took home many varied experiences.

P.N., Hungary, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...Sessions were interesting, scholars were engaging and all the social events were amazing!

B.K., Kazakhstan, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

Excellent organization, excellent food. Compliments to the organizers, they did a wonderful job!

V.J., Netherlands, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

...I must say that the PhD pre-conference seminar was the most useful seminar of my life. Very well...

K.V., Czech Republic, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

... I would even argue that they are the very best - both in terms of scientific content and also entertainment…

P.W., Denmark, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

An opportunity to learn from other researchers and other countries' experiences on certain topics.

G.A.C., Hungary, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

Very well organised, excellent programme and fruitful discussions.

M.M.S., Slovakia, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

The NISPAcee conference remains a very interesting conference.

M.D.V., Netherlands, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

Thank you for the opportunity to be there, and for the work of the organisers.

D.Z., Hungary, 24th Conference 2016, Zagreb

Well organized, as always. Excellent conference topic and paper selection.

M.S., Serbia, 23rd Conference 2015, Georgia

Perfect conference. Well organised. Very informative.

M.deV., Netherlands, 22nd Conference 2014, Hungary

Excellent conference. Congratulations!

S. C., United States, 20th Conference 2012, Republic of Macedonia

Thanks for organising the pre-conference activity. I benefited significantly!

R. U., Uzbekistan, 19th Conference, Varna 2011

Each information I got, was received perfectly in time!

L. S., Latvia, 21st Conference 2013, Serbia

The Conference was very academically fruitful!

M. K., Republic of Macedonia, 20th Conference 2012, Republic of Macedonia

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 Paper/Speech Details of Conference Program  

for the  30th NISPAcee Annual Conference
  Program Overview
Panel: Governance and Politics of Small States
Author(s)  Marcin Lukaszewski 
  Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan
Poznan  Poland
 
 
 Title  Evolution of the Relationship Between the Head of State, the Head of the Government and the Speaker of Parliament in the Process of Democratization on the Example of European Microstates
File   Paper files are available only for conference participants, please login first. 
Presenter(s)  Marcin Lukaszewski
Abstract  
  
The subject of the speech will be an attempt to indicate the evolution of relations between people occupying three key positions in the state's constitutional system: the head of state, the head of government and the speaker of parliament in European micro-states.

Each of the four European democratic micro-states (ie Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino) has gone through processes aimed at greater democratization in the last few decades. The most marked intensification of this process took place in Andorra. In the case of Monaco, this change took place in 2002 and appears to have been sham. In the case of San Marino, the change is evolutionary and has been going on since the 1970s. In turn, according to some researchers in Liechtenstein, in 2003 the democratization process was even stopped (or even withdrawn).

The changes were supposed to be such a reformulation of relations within the state apparatus so that its shape would correspond to European standards. These changes are to be the main subject of the speech, but with the focus primarily on the mutual relations of three state bodies: the head of state, the head of government and the speaker of parliament.

The choice of these bodies is justified primarily due to the fact that only in the case of San Marino does the head of state derive his legitimacy indirectly from general elections (while in the other three countries there is no such legitimation). This is important because in the process of democratization it was desirable to limit the role of the head of state in favor of the prime minister and / or the chairman of the parliament elected by parliamentarians.