EAPAA

European Association for Public Administration Accreditation

EUROPA panel

 

How the EUROPA association contributes to the construction of a European administrative space?

Chair:Anne Azam Pradeille, EUROPA, Vice-President in charge of the Network

Co-Chair: Constantin Marius Profiroiu, professor and President of NISPAcee

This panel will address the issue of the European administrative space in progress and how the EUROPA association contributes to the spread of standards and the increasing convergence of European administrative capacities. Each of the administrative models of the countries represented in EUROPA have specificities that result from their specific histories as well as from their legal systems mixing elements borrowed from others with elements already in their own cultures. The spread of EU standards has progressively led to an approximation and even a convergence between the different models. And it has helped strengthen and harmonise the administrative capacity of the different components of this European administrative space in progress.

1)Which management for public administrations in Europe?

Author: Hélène PAULIAT, Professeur de droit public (OMIJ – Limoges, France), Président de l’Association EUROPA, helene.pauliat@unilim.fr

Abstract:

Public management is a fashionable topic in European public administrations.
But beyond the differences, that may exist according to the state concerned
to practice his agents the employment system or the career system, it is
interesting to wonder about the existence of common standards in this area.
The field of evaluation is probably one of those who made the most
controversy today. The assessment is it provided for by law? When planned or
implemented, what are its objectives? How is made (individual interview, for
example, but under what conditions, with what tools, how?)?Once the
evaluation is done, what impact does it have on the agent and his career:
she is considered for promotion, can afford to offer the training officer
allowing him to assume other responsibilities ...?
Mobility is also an important component of management; she is encouraged and
facilitated in the different European countries and between European
countries? How is it reflected in the career of the agent, we managed to
offer him a position in relation to the mobility he could do? Are they known
for promotions or developments? Facilitates do we all forms of mobility (eg
secondment.)? How is managed and organized thematic mobility?
This will give some thoughts and possibly identify some good practices.

2)Transnational Capacity building in Public Administration

Author: Margot BONNAFOUS, Senior Project Manager,Euro-Institut in Kehl (Germany)

bonnafous@euroinstitut.org

Abstract:
In the context of the ongoing process of European integration, knowledge
acquisition and transfer as well as strengthening specific competences are
essential aspects in order to develop together towards common standards.
Mutual learning in a transnational network may be an approach that enhances
not only knowledge and competences, but also mutual understanding. The
Danube Network of Training Experts for Public Administration (DANTE4PA), a
transnational network for institutional capacity building, develops
trainings for civil servants in the Danube Region.

A qualitative multinational needs assessment is one step towards the realization of
suitable and promising trainings, a second is the judicious extension of the
DANTE network. A transnational multilevel network that includes universities
and training institutions as well as bodies at different administrative
levels is expected to provide broad outcomes by taking numerous aspects into
account. What are the potentials of this transnational and multi-level
approach, which difficulties will it have to face, and on which features
will it have to focus to be successful?

3)Decentralisation and Intergovernmental Networks in Europe: Complex Tools for
Complex Societies


Author : José M. RUANO, professor, University of Complutense, Madrid (Spain) jmruanof@cps.ucm.es

Abstract:
In the last decades, most of the European countries have implemented
devolution policies trying to tackle different political, social or
bureaucratic problems.Some of them have regionalized its territory, applied
federal or pseudo-federal reforms or just strengthened the role of
subnational governments. The paper analyses decentralization in the European
countries using different variables like history, territorial organization,
civil service and financing and reveals how this phenomenon leads to complex
intergovernmental linkages. The evolution of territorial decentralization, the political tensions between centre and periphery, the autonomy of the subnational governments and their functions and competences, the tools of co-ordination and co-operation and the features and role of civil service are the main issues studied here. The paper analyses these experiences taking into account the different political and administrative traditions in Europe (Continental, Anglo-Saxon, Ex-communist States) and the cleavages North-South and East-West.

4)Citizen participation in the conduct of public affairs: between dissemination of innovative practices and persistent forms of resistance

Authors:

Michel SENIMON, General Delegate of EUROPA, Deputy Director General - Director of Human Resources of the University of Limoges (France) michel.senimon@unilim.fr

Christophe BONNOTTE Public Law Lecturer, Secretary of EUROPA University of Limoges(France),christophe.bonnotte@gmail.com


Abstract:
The forms of participation of citizens in governance are to be both
extensive and diverse, encouraged by the adoption of different texts-
mandatory or merely incentives - and a strong social demand in the sense of
increased consideration of the views of citizens in the conduct of public
affairs. The widespread dissemination of institutional devices combining to
different degrees citizens in the conduct of public affairs, acceptance,
without any real questioning or even critical discussion of the idea of
citizen participation in the process of training and setting out public
decisions reflect the development of a shared set of values ​​associated with participatory democracy: participation; transparency; accountability; acceptability of decisions and public policies; cohesion; training, accountability and citizen involvement, rebuilding the legitimacy of public institutions. This intervention will therefore be to recall at first the different forms
of participation, from classic to the most innovative, and some still
experimental (policy design; open government; Democracy OS; liquid democracy)
Secondly, the intervention submitted will seek to highlight the various
forms of resistance to diffusion devices of participation and expression of
citizens: attachment to historical forms of exercise of political power;
insufficient relay between the carriers of the forms of social innovation and the traditional political parties; recovery of these social and political innovation experiences.

5)Building Capacity of inter-municipal cooperation structures in Romania: practices, needs and opportunities

Authors:

Professor Constantin- Marius PROFIROIU, Faculty of Administration and Public Management, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, profiroiu@gmail.com

Professor Professor Alina –Georgiana PROFIROIU, Faculty of Administration and Public Management, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, alina_profiroiu@yahoo.com

Phd Candidate Iuliana LECA( Albu), Doctoral School ofManagement, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, e-mail: iuliana.leca@gmail.com

The general objective of our paper is to investigate the situation of inter-municipal cooperation associations in Romania after 1989 and examines how inter-municipal cooperation works. In the years following the fall of the communism in 1989, the reform of the public administration lacked a coherent vision regarding its content, the direction and the concrete implementation tools. Compared with others European Countries, in Romania the public administration system is highly centralized, this beeing an impediment for developing inter-municipal cooperation structures. Local communities could choose to join forces with other communities for improving their efficiency and effectiveness. For certain services, they could share expertise; they will find that a bigger territorial area than the municipality itself can be a more appropriate size for efficient service provision; there may even be a legal requirement for services like waste management, water supply, transport and economic development to be delivered through inter-municipal cooperation. This paper aims to analyze: (1) The status of inter-municipal cooperation in Romania (2) Governance model used by the Romanian intercommunity associations, (3) Main obstacles and challenges envisaged by the inter-municipal associations, (4) Their role to regional development. We focused on the possible solutions that can be adopted by associations in order to improve their structure and their role. Moreover, we are concerned about the legislative impediments and, based on the others countries experience we are proposing some legal amendments necessary to be adopted. The methodology used in this paper is based on quantitative methods, thus, questionnaires is designed and applied to a number of inter-municipal associations. In this paper we describe in short the benefit of inter-municipal co-operation. Inter-municipal co-operation is not only important for the improvement of service delivery to the citizens but also as an instrument of regional development and capacity building. In addition, inter-municipal co-operation could support reforms that could speed up the process of local development.

Key words: Inter-municipal cooperation, citizen, strategic planning, regional development

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