The 29th NISPAcee Annual Conference

The 30th NISPAcee Annual Conference, Bucharest, Romania, June 2 - June 4, 2022

Excellent conference. I really enjoyed the papers, speakers, schedule and location and great staff!

D.B., United States, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...relating to public administration and policy. Good opportunities for networking.

N.D., Georgia, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

Excellent participants, argument-driven discussions, impartial and supportive Chairs in the Working Group.

D.G., Republic of North Macedonia, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague detail and I really enjoyed the supportive and encouraging atmosphere there. Thank you!

R.B., Lithuania, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...both in terms of academic quality and logistics, and also social events. It was a true joy.

E.Z., Bulgaria, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...The special programmes were really excellent and we took home many varied experiences.

P.N., Hungary, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...Sessions were interesting, scholars were engaging and all the social events were amazing!

B.K., Kazakhstan, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

Excellent organization, excellent food. Compliments to the organizers, they did a wonderful job!

V.J., Netherlands, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

...I must say that the PhD pre-conference seminar was the most useful seminar of my life. Very well...

K.V., Czech Republic, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

... I would even argue that they are the very best - both in terms of scientific content and also entertainment…

P.W., Denmark, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

An opportunity to learn from other researchers and other countries' experiences on certain topics.

G.A.C., Hungary, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

Very well organised, excellent programme and fruitful discussions.

M.M.S., Slovakia, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

The NISPAcee conference remains a very interesting conference.

M.D.V., Netherlands, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

Thank you for the opportunity to be there, and for the work of the organisers.

D.Z., Hungary, 24th Conference 2016, Zagreb

Well organized, as always. Excellent conference topic and paper selection.

M.S., Serbia, 23rd Conference 2015, Georgia

Perfect conference. Well organised. Very informative.

M.deV., Netherlands, 22nd Conference 2014, Hungary

Excellent conference. Congratulations!

S. C., United States, 20th Conference 2012, Republic of Macedonia

Thanks for organising the pre-conference activity. I benefited significantly!

R. U., Uzbekistan, 19th Conference, Varna 2011

Each information I got, was received perfectly in time!

L. S., Latvia, 21st Conference 2013, Serbia

The Conference was very academically fruitful!

M. K., Republic of Macedonia, 20th Conference 2012, Republic of Macedonia

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 Paper/Speech Details of Conference Program  

for the  30th NISPAcee Annual Conference
  Program Overview
PhD Pre-conference Seminar
Author(s)  Krisztina Tury 
  Corvinus University of Budapest
Budapest  Hungary
 Title  Under pressure: organizational responses in the changing civil space of Hungary
File   Paper files are available only for conference participants, please login first. 
Presenter(s)  Krisztina Tury

Nonprofit organizations have been restricted in a variety of both ways and political regimes in recent decades (Carothers & Brechenmacher, 2014; Anheier, Lang and Toepler, 2019). Scholars of the “shrinking,” “closing,” or more recently the “changing space” for civil society have explored the phenomenon from multiple point of views, and they have examined the types of regulations (Gershman and Allen, 2006; Rutzen, 2015; Van der Borgh and Terwindt, 2012), causes behind the restrictions (Christensen and Weinstein, 2013; Dupuy, Ron and Prakash, 2016), and the impact on the independence and democratization potential of civil society among others (Toepler et al 2020; Herrold, 2016; Skokova, Pape and Krasnopolskaya, 2018). By now, they have documented the coping strategies of organizations relatively extensively as well, especially in the case of the more political or claims-making NGOs (Tysiachniouk, Tulaeva and Henry, 2018; Hsu, 2010; Spires, 2011; Moser and Skripchenko, 2018). However, a review of the empirical studies reveals a lack of a coherent theoretical framework of organizational responses in restricted environments.
In her seminal paper, organizational scholar Christine Oliver (1991) combined institutional and resource dependence theories, and proposed a framework to study organizational responses to institutional pressures that has barely been utilized in the nonprofit literature, despite its prominence in organizational science. She proposed five types of strategic responses and enlisted hypotheses around five factors – cause, constituents, content, control, and context – that determine the type of organizational response. Based on her framework, this paper explores how nonprofit organizations, particularly the ones providing services in politically sensitive areas have responded to the formal and informal restrictions on civil society in Hungary.
Preliminary findings from qualitative interviews with organizations working with migrants, LGBTQ, homeless, or drug affected populations have revealed that there is a sixth factor missing from Oliver’s framework that could be highly significant in determining response strategies: organizational identity. Moreover, organizational interconnectedness that was hypothesized to strengthen conformity seems to play out differently than it was expected by scholars. In cases, it gives room for organizations disliked by the regime to hide their activities under the wings of regime-approved nonprofits.
Beyond its theoretical contribution, this paper enriches the conversation on the “shrinking space” by providing data from the understudied region of Hungary. Viktor Orbán’s regime has long been the icon of the illiberal movement in the international media, particularly due to the country’s presence in the European Union and the regime’s constant tightrope walking to minimize critical voices but to keep the benefits of its EU membership. Thus, this article will add a more nuanced perspective on the complex environment and opportunities of nonprofit organizations in hybrid political regimes.