The 29th NISPAcee Annual Conference

The 29th NISPAcee Annual Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, October 21 - October 23, 2021

Excellent conference. I really enjoyed the papers, speakers, schedule and location and great staff!

D.B., United States, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...relating to public administration and policy. Good opportunities for networking.

N.D., Georgia, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

Excellent participants, argument-driven discussions, impartial and supportive Chairs in the Working Group.

D.G., Republic of North Macedonia, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague detail and I really enjoyed the supportive and encouraging atmosphere there. Thank you!

R.B., Lithuania, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...both in terms of academic quality and logistics, and also social events. It was a true joy.

E.Z., Bulgaria, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...The special programmes were really excellent and we took home many varied experiences.

P.N., Hungary, 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2019, Prague

...Sessions were interesting, scholars were engaging and all the social events were amazing!

B.K., Kazakhstan, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

Excellent organization, excellent food. Compliments to the organizers, they did a wonderful job!

V.J., Netherlands, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

...I must say that the PhD pre-conference seminar was the most useful seminar of my life. Very well...

K.V., Czech Republic, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

... I would even argue that they are the very best - both in terms of scientific content and also entertainment…

P.W., Denmark, 26th NISPAcee Annual Conference 2018, Iasi

An opportunity to learn from other researchers and other countries' experiences on certain topics.

G.A.C., Hungary, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

Very well organised, excellent programme and fruitful discussions.

M.M.S., Slovakia, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

The NISPAcee conference remains a very interesting conference.

M.D.V., Netherlands, 25th Conference 2017, Kazan

Thank you for the opportunity to be there, and for the work of the organisers.

D.Z., Hungary, 24th Conference 2016, Zagreb

Well organized, as always. Excellent conference topic and paper selection.

M.S., Serbia, 23rd Conference 2015, Georgia

Perfect conference. Well organised. Very informative.

M.deV., Netherlands, 22nd Conference 2014, Hungary

Excellent conference. Congratulations!

S. C., United States, 20th Conference 2012, Republic of Macedonia

Thanks for organising the pre-conference activity. I benefited significantly!

R. U., Uzbekistan, 19th Conference, Varna 2011

Each information I got, was received perfectly in time!

L. S., Latvia, 21st Conference 2013, Serbia

The Conference was very academically fruitful!

M. K., Republic of Macedonia, 20th Conference 2012, Republic of Macedonia

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 Paper/Speech Details of Conference Program  

for the  29th NISPAcee Annual Conference
  Program Overview
WG1: Local Government (Physical)
Author(s)  Marek Jetmar 
  AMBIS University
Prague 8 Liben  Czech Republic
 Title  Bottom-up development of inter-municipal cooperation in Central Bohemia Region, Czechia
File   Paper files are available only for conference participants, please login first. 
Presenter  Marek Jetmar
In the literature we can find a number of cases of analysis of administrative reforms that led to the amalgamation of municipalities into larger entities or the formation of municipalities, including also marge other self-governing or administrative units at regional level (Blesse and Roesel (2019)). The reasons (political, economic), the aspects pursued - usually cost reduction (Blesse and Baskaran (2016)) plus efficiency gains - economies of scale (Strebel (2019)) and the final achievements, effects, are subject of research.
However, it is necessary to distinguish situations, where administrative reforms have already taken place in the past resulted into administrative consolidation of the smallest municipalities, and the second or third stages of the reform – creation units with thousands or tens of thousands of inhabitants. However, in number of countries attempts of amalgamation failed. Reform was not implemented (e.g. France) or after a change of the system (political regime) the merged units have broken down (e.g. Czech Republic, Slovakia (Jetmar a kol. (2015)). The consequence is a very strong position of local and regional authorities, whose autonomous position vis-à-vis state and government interference is unusually broad in the European context. State interference into action of self-government is possible only in order to protect legality.
Municipalities with less than 1000 inhabitants thus dominate the Czech settlement structure. Localism and aspect of local democracy (democratic effect) play crucial role. Contrary to the findings in the case of Switzerland (Strebel (2019)), there is no willingness to merge. Although a small amount of own revenues constitutes a real fiscal burden for them, the state's subsidy policy (in the case of the ESI funds, it can be as much as 95% of eligible expenditure) creates a pleasant cushion in many cases.
But in general the situation is limiting ability of small municipalities to provide selected public services. The result is the creation of administrative circuits for services whose consumption the state requires (typically primary education) or cooperation of municipalities. Bottom-up approaches based on voluntary intermunicipal cooperation are possible, the vitality of which is conditional on achieving economic or other effects for the participating municipalities (ensuring the lack of services so far, economies of scale, capacity building for joint development projects, strengthening identity).

The nature of the settlement - 1144 municipalities, and the enormous number of small ones in the Central Bohemia Region create a collaborative environment. Small municipalities in particular have insufficient capacities (both staff and financial) to ensure development priorities and meet the expectations of their citizens.

The article focuses on analyses of the reasons that lead municipalities to participate in inter-municipal cooperation and the achieved effects of cooperation.
Due to the formation of the regional association (Union of Voluntary Associations of Municipalities of the Central Bohemia Region), as an umbrella organization, which is unique in the context of the Czech Republic, are evaluated the reasons of participation of individual voluntary associations of municipalities. The author initiated the establishment of this Union.