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Democratic Governance in CEE Countries: Challenges and Responses for the XXI Century

Alan Rosenbaum, Juraj Nemec

Date: 2006

ISBN: 80-89013-25-2

ISSN:

Publisher:

Price: 12 €

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This book contains papers from the 13th NISPAcee Annual Conference "Democratic Governance for the XXI Century: Challenges and Responses in CEE Countries, Moscow, Russia, May 19-21, 2005.

The past two decades have been extraordinary ones for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Many, indeed most, countries in the region have made the transition from dictatorial governments to democratic ones.Certainly, in some instances, the building of democratic institutions within the region has been a more difficult task than in others and, in some cases, this process of institution building remains a very fragile one. Nevertheless, when viewed in its totality, the achievements have been quite extraordinary.

The 2005 annual conference of the Network of Institutes and Schools of Public Administration of Central and Eastern Europe brought together scholars from throughout the region, and many other parts of the world, to examine these developments. This book includes edited papers from that conference that address both the challenges of building democratic governance and the way that many of the countries of the region are working to respond to those challenges.

Contents

Introduction

Allan Rosenbaum and Juraj Nemec

I.The Central Instruments of Governance and the Processes of Democratic Development

Cabinet Decision-Making in the Western CIS Countries: Dual executive and the diffusion of policy-making authority in Ukraine

Oleh Protsyk

Political Rationality and Economic Rationality and the Hungarian Public Decision-Making System: Economic efficiency versus democracy in Hungary

Janos Hoos

Can Bad Executive Institutions Make Good Policy?Russian government under Yeltsin and Putin

Pat Gray

Involving Parliament in EU Affairs: The new member states and the Danish model

Antoaneta L. Dimitrova and Ellen Mastenbroek

Enhancing Governmental Legislative Capacity? An analysis of the effects of decision making reforms in Lithuania and Romania

Andreas Bagenholm

Commitment of Slovenian Civil Servants and Politicians to Democratic Values and Norms

Miro Hacek and Marjan Brezovsek

II.The Bureaucracy as an Instrument of Democracy

Nomenklatura versus Civil Service in Poland: Defining politico-adminisrative relations under Leszek Miller’s government

Tatiana Majcherkiewicz

Politicians and Senior Civil Servants in Former Yugoslav States: Back to discarded traditions?

Aleksandra Rabrenovic and Tony Verheijen

Bureaucratic Incapacity in Transition Democracies: A case study of decision behaviour in Hungarian central government organizations

Gyorgy Hajnal

Unfinished Transition – Public Administration Reform in Serbia 2001-2004

Svein Eriksen

The Strategic Role of Civil Servants’ Training for Reforming Public Administration in Bulgaria

Polya Katsamunska and Pavel Pavlov

III.Local Governance and the Creation of Grassroots Democracy

City Quarter Communities: A new quality in Slovenian local democracy

Irena Baclija and Marjan Brezovsek

Understanding Issues Raised by Non-governmental Organizations for Modern Russian Public Administration

Carmine Scavo, Paul Dezendorf and Elena Murenina

Mayoral Leadership and Political and Administrative Relationships in Kiev and Odessa

Natalya Kolisnichenko, Allan Rosenbaum and Valentina Krivtsova

Performance Management in Local Governments in Albania: A project report

Zana Vokopola and Silvana Braculla

New Public Management Principles and Policy Implementation: The case of Estonian local governments

Kristiina Tonnisson

Gypsy Women in Public Life:The case of Hungarian local government

Agnes Recz Horvath

IV.Government Reform as a Means to Facilitate Democratic Development

Corruption: Commonality, causes and consequences comparing fifteen post-communist countries

Karin Hilmer Pedersen and Lars Johannsen

Policy making and Policy Implementation Problems in Central and Eastern Europe: the case of health care delivery in Slovakia

Juraj Nemec

Public Budgeting in the Czech Republic

Lucie Sedmihradska and Stanislav Klazar

Preparing the Public Service for Working in Multiethnic Democracies: a survey of schools of public administration in Central and Eastern Europe

Michael Brintnall

V.New Theories for Democratic Development in the CEE

Public Service and the Democratic Deficit

Anetta Debicka and Marek Debicki

Political Participation and Governance Effectiveness – Does Participation Matter?

Martin Nekola

Three Dimensions of Modern Social Governance: Markets, Hierarchies and Kinships

Vladimir Benacek

Index

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Free of charge only for NISPAcee institutional and associate members (3 copies).

Table ofContents

Introduction

Allan Rosenbaum, Juraj Nemec............................................................................9


SectionI

TheCentralInstrumentsofGovernanceandtheProcessesof DemocraticDevelopment

Cabinet Decision-Making in Ukraine: The Dual Executive and The Diffusion of Policy-Making Authority

Oleh Protsyk .......................................................................................................15

Political Rationality and Economic Rationality and the Hungarian PublicDecision-Making System: Economic Efficiency Versus Democracy

János Hoós ..........................................................................................................27

Can Bad Executive Institutions Make Good Policy? Russian Government Under Yeltsin and Putin

Pat Gray..............................................................................................................47

Involving Parliament in EU Affairs: The New Member States and the Danish Model

Antoaneta L. Dimitrova, EllenMastenbroek....................................................59

Enhancing Governmental Legislative Capacity? An Analysis of the Effects of Decision-making Reforms in Lithuania and Romania

Andreas Bågenholm ...........................................................................................77

Commitment of Slovenian Civil Servants and Politicians to Democratic Values and Norms

Miro Hacek, Marjan Brezovsek .........................................................................99


SectionII

The Bureaucracy as an Instrument ofDemocracy

Nomenklatura Versus Civil Service in Poland Defining Politico- administrative Relations Under Leszek Miller’s Government

Tatiana Majcherkiewicz...................................................................................115

Politicians and Senior Civil Servants in Former Yugoslav States: Back


Aleksandra Rabrenovic, Tony Verheijen .........................................................133


Bureaucratic Incapacity in Transition Democracies: A Case Study of Decision Behaviour in Hungarian Central Government Organisations

György Hajnal ..................................................................................................151

Unfinished Transition: Public Administration Reform in Serbia 2001 – 2004

Svein Eriksen....................................................................................................173

The Strategic Role of Civil Servants’ Training for Reforming Public Administration in Bulgaria

Polya Katsamunska, Pavel Pavlov...................................................................199


SectionIII

Local Governance and the Creation of GrassrootsDemocracy

City Quarter Communities: A New Quality in Slovenian Local Democracy

Irena Baclija, Marjan Brezovsek .....................................................................211

Understanding Issues Raised by Non-Governmental Organizations for Modern Russian Public Administration

Carmine Scavo, Paul Dezendorf,ElenaMurenina.........................................229

Mayoral Leadership and Political and Administrative Relationships in Kiyv and Odessa

Natalya Kolisnichenko, Valentina Krivtsova, Allan Rosenbaum...................243

Performance Management in Local Governments in Albania: A Project Report

Zana Vokopola, Silvana Braculla....................................................................257

New Public Management Principles and Policy Implementation: The Case of Estonian Local Governments

Kristiina Tőnnisson ..........................................................................................275

Gypsy Women in Hungarian Community Life

Agnes Racz Horvath.........................................................................................297


SectionIV

GovernmentReformasaMeanstoFacilitateDemocratic Development

Corruption: Commonality, Causes and Consequences in Fifteen Post- communist Countries

Karin Hilmer Pedersen, Lars Johannsen.........................................................311

Policy-making and Policy Implementation Problems in Central and

Eastern Europe: The Case of Hhealth Care Delivery in Slovakia

Juraj Nemec ......................................................................................................337

Public Budgeting in the Czech Republic

Lucie Sedmihradská, Stanislav Klazar ............................................................353

Preparing the Public Service for Working in Multiethnic Democracies: A Survey of Schools of Public Administration in Central and Eastern Europe

Michael Brintnall .............................................................................................367


SectionV

New Theories for Democratic Development in theCEE

Public Service and the Democratic Deficit

Anetta Debicka, Marek Debicki ......................................................................381

Political Participation and Governance Effectiveness: Does Participation Matter?

Martin Nekola ..................................................................................................393

Three Dimensions of Modern Social Governance: Markets, Hierarchies and Kinships

Vladimír Benáček ............................................................................................ 407

Index ..............................................................................................................................429



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