NISPAcee Annual Conference
Main Conference Theme
National Academy of Public Administration under the President of Ukraine
Policy analysis for good governance (Part 1)
Paper files are available only for conference participants, please
Abstract not available
Most scholars, policymakers, donors and aid recipients consider that good governance is essential and fundamental element of sustainable economic growth. Thus, public policy making procedures in CEE countries must advance to the high standards foreseen in the good governance concept. So, what does the “good governance” mean?
1. The term ‘governance’ was firstly announced in the 1989 World Development Report. To big extent it referred to financial accountability of governments. The meaning of this term was later re-considered by UNDP. The term “governance” was defined as the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority to manage a country’s affairs.
2. Governance theory looks beyond management and service reform by pointing to new kinds of policy-making procedures and new, more multilayered and decentred forms of governing (including supranational institutions such as the European Union) (UNDESA).
3. Good (or ‘sound’) governance was defined as a subset of governance, where public resources and problems are managed effectively, efficiently, and in response to critical needs and interests of the society. The various conceptions of governance and the corresponding strategies for implementation differ considerably, due to a lack of international consensus on development strategies, even among the supporters of the market orientation.
4. Nevertheless, there is a broad consensus on some abstract key elements of governance which are considered of (although differing) importance by all actors. Those elements, sometimes overlapping and very much interlinked with each other, include the concepts of accountability, transparency, sound public sector management, and a sound legal system.
5. For the purposes of this paper let us focus on the concept brought by Kohler-Koch (1999). The researcher relates governance to the process of policy-making. “In essence, ‘governance’ is about the ways and means in which the divergent preferences of citizens are translated into effective policy choices, about how the plurality of societal interests …and the compliance of social actors is achieved.”
6. In the frame of policy making it is important to think first of developing of policy proposals that in turn relays on the following key elements policy analysis, impact assessment, and consultations with civil society.
Part 2. See Assoc. Prof. Kilievych's application